Parts of speech Definition and Example in English

Different types of words are in the English language. Some word that describes the name of a person, object, place or animal, etc. Some word gives a sense of action or work. Any word that explains The way to work. Some words that connect two words or sentences. To understand all these, you need to study Parts of Speech.

Before studying Parts of Speech, you need to know about what is words? The letter is the smallest unit in the English language. And if two or more letters are written together, then it becomes a word. But keep in mind that each word has a proper meaning. If a word has no meaning, then it cannot be called a word but a jumbled word. In simple language, if we can say, a group of letters is called a word, which has a proper meaning.

Parts of speech Jumbled Word
Jumbled Word

Parts of Speech Definition and Examples

Parts of Speech definition: If you have good knowledge of Part of Speech, then you can understand English Grammar easily. All the words of English, are divided into eight parts with the idea of function and use in sentences, which is called Parts of Speech.

  1. Noun
  2. Pronoun
  3. Adjective
  4. Verb
  5. Adverb
  6. Preposition
  7. Conjunction
  8. Interjection

Parts of Speech Chart

Parts of Speech Chart
Parts of Speech Chart

Noun

Noun Definition – A noun is the name of a person, animal, tree, grain, object or thing, place, condition, quality, emotion, or any action. For Example,

  • Person – Boy, Doctor, Virat Kohli, Brother, Friend, David, Student
  • Creature – Snake, Lion, Cat, Dog, Rat, Ant, Peacock, Frog
  • Tree – Bamboo, Banyan, Neem, Cocoa Plant, Aloe Vera
  • Grain – Rice, Broken Wheat, Flaked rice, Wheat, Maize, Barley
  • Thing – Table, Chair, Box, Car, Book, Pen, Camera, Bus
  • Place – India, Country, Village, London, City, Tajmahal
  • State – Death, Situation, Childhood, Sleep, Slavery
  • Quality – Honesty, Kindness, Cleverness, Stupidity
  • Feeling – Love, Resentment, Embarrassment, Jealously
  • Action – Work, Theft, Movement, judgment
Noun Definition
Noun Definition

Pronoun

Pronoun Definition – A pronoun is a word that is used in place of a noun. It gives a beautiful and simple form of language. It is used to avoid the repetition of nouns in a sentence or paragraph. For example, consider paragraph A and paragraph B carefully.

Paragraph A – David is my best friend. David is an intelligent student, and David goes to school daily. David likes to play cricket and David is also a good player.

Paragraph B – David is my best friend. He is an intelligent student, and he goes to school daily. He likes to play cricket, and he is also a good player.

Concept – You can see that in paragraph A, ‘David (noun)’ is repeating in all the sentences, so this paragraph does not look good to read at all. Whereas if you read paragraph B, then you find it simple and attractive to read. In this paragraph, ‘he (pronoun)’ has been used instead of ‘David (noun)’.

List of Pronouns

  1. I
  2. We
  3. You
  4. He
  5. She
  6. They
  7. It
  8. Me
  9. Us
  10. Her
  11. Him
  12. Them
  13. Mine
  14. Ours
  15. Yours
  16. Hers
  17. Theirs
  18. All
  19. Another
  20. Any
  21. Anybody
  22. Anyone
  23. Anything
  24. Both
  25. Each
  26. Either
  27. Everybody
  28. Everyone
  29. Everything
  30. Few
  31. Many
  32. Most
  33. Neither
  34. Nobody
  35. None
  36. No one
  37. Nothing
  38. One
  39. Other
  40. Others
  41. Several
  42. Some
  43. Somebody
  44. Someone
  45. Something
  46. Such

Adjective

Adjective Definition – An adjective is a word that qualifies a noun or a pronoun. Example – Black, Good, Bad, Gentle, Innocent, Poor, Rich, Five, Six, Ten, Some, etc.

For example, consider these sentences –

  1. He is industrious.
  2. Ram is honest.
  3. You are a good boy.

Here you can see in the first sentence, ‘Industrious (adjective)’ which describes ‘he (pronoun)’. In the second sentence, ‘honest (adjective)’ which describes ‘Ram (noun)’. And in the third sentence, ‘good (adjective)’ describes ‘boy (noun)’.

How to identify the adjective?

All those words to the English language which gives this answer – How is it? Whose? Or, how much?

How is it? — Good, Beautiful, Intelligent, Honest, Sweet, Tasty, Blue, Red, etc.
How much? — Some, Few, Many, Little, One, Two, Five, etc.
Whose? — My, His, Her, Our, Your, Its, Their (These are only 7 words)

Adjective definition
Adjective definition

Verb

Verb definition – A verb is a word that denotes an action, possession, relation, or state of being. Examples – Eat, go, run, can, will, is, am, etc.

Action:

  1. We play cricket.
  2. He will come tomorrow.
  3. You were taught.
  4. The children were running.

Relation or Possession:

  1. You have a bicycle.
  2. The cow has four feet.
  3. The poor man has no money.

State of Being:

  1. My brother is innocent.
  2. You are my best friend.
  3. I am intelligent.
Verb Definition
Verb Definition

Adverb

Adverb definition: An adverb is a word that qualifies a verb, adjective, or another adverb.

  1. He works Quickly.
  2. David came just after you had gone.
  3. The boys run slowly.
  4. Rehan is very kind.
  5. She writes beautifully.

Sometimes an adverb qualifies an entire sentence.

  1. Probably, You are right.
  2. Fortunately, they did not receive any injury.

Generally, an Adverb does not describe a Noun or Pronoun, but some Adverbs also describe a Noun or Pronoun – Even, only, almost, at least.

  1. Only you can do this work.
  2. Even they cannot solve this.
  3. At least we should make a speech.

Preposition

A preposition is a word that is placed before a noun or a pronoun to show in what relation the person or thing denoted by it stands in regard to something else.

  1. We were going to market.
  2. You are writing a letter with a pen.
  3. There is no book on the table.
  4. What are you looking at?

A Preposition is often used before a Noun or a Pronoun, but sometimes a Preposition can also be used at the end of a sentence or clause.

  1. What are you looking at?
  2. Who are you thinking of?
  3. I need something to write with.
  4. What was it about?

List of Some Important Prepositions –

  1. In
  2. Into
  3. With
  4. To
  5. At
  6. On
  7. Without
  8. Of
  9. Among
  10. Between
  11. Under
  12. Over
  13. Below
  14. Near
  15. After
  16. Before
  17. For
  18. Up
  19. Since
  20. From
  21. By
  22. Behind
  23. Towards
  24. About

Conjunction

A Conjunction is a word that connects two words, two phrases, two clauses, or two sentences. Example – and, or, but, yet, that, as well as, etc.

  1. David and Amanda are best friends.
  2. We are poor yet honest.
  3. Please give me a pencil or a pen.
  4. You, as well as your friend, is wrong.

Interjection

An Interjection is a word that expresses a sense of sudden happiness, sadness, surprise, or disgust. Example – OH, Hurrah, OMG, Ah, Hello, Excuse me, etc.

  1. Hurrah! We have won the match.
  2. Hello! How are you?
  3. Please! Can you do this for us?
  4. Oops! It was my mistake.

Parts of speech Examples

  1. He was an honest man.
Hepronoun
wasverb
anarticle
honestadjective
mannoun

2. The poor man has no money.

Thearticle
pooradjective
mannoun
hasverb
noadjective
moneynoun

3. My friend will come tomorrow.

Myadjective
friendnoun
willverb
comeverb
tomorrowadverb

4. We shall have been working for ten days.

Wepronoun
shallverb
haveverb
beenverb
workingverb
forpreposition
tenadjective
daysnoun

5. The train had started before we reached the station.

Thearticle
trainnoun
hadverb
startedverb
beforeconjunction
wepronoun
reachedverb
thearticle
stationnoun

6. The heavens are above.

Thearticle
heavensnoun
areverb
abovepreposition

7. Hello! What are you doing here?

Hello!interjection
Whatpronoun
areverb
youpronoun
doingverb
herepronoun

8. Oh! I have cut my finger.

Oh!interjection
Ipronoun
haveverb
cutverb
myadjective
fingernoun

Always remember that a word can also be a different group or parts of speech. The function or use of a word that determines to which part of speech a word belongs in a given sentence. Here you can see an example.

  1. You are my love.
  2. I love you.

Parts of speech exercises

1) select the noun

2) select the noun

3) select the noun

4) select the noun

5) select the noun

Your score is

Leave a Comment